Understanding Malware

Understanding Malware

Malware is a malicious software which disrupts or damages computer systems. The technical term malware is derived from the words malicious and software, where the first three letters of malicious and the last four letters of software combined constitute the word Malware.


Mainly malware is created for making illegal money, however other motives for creating malware range from espionage, activism and serious crimes. Although in the past malware was created for pranking purpose, however the main purpose malware has now is for cybercriminals who are thriving through the profitable industry of malware creation.


Geographically, malware remains a global occurrence, particularly in countries where the laws surrounding malware are weak or undefined, at this point technically astute malware creators take advantage and launch malware around the world.


How is Malware created?


Malware is created by different types of people who have vested interests for creating malicious software. Among the numerous people who create malware there are criminals, fraudsters, spies and blackmailers. Malware is created by coding the program using any programming language.


How is Malware installed on a computer?


Malware is usually installed through phishing scams where the victim clicks a scam URL or downloads an attachment which is a malware. Avoid opening emails from unknown sources and links to URL's to unknown website sources. Be cautious when browsing the Internet stick to the trusted sites.


What are the Types of Malware?


Adware, spyware, keyloggers, phishing emails, fake websites, viruses, Trojan horses, worms, rootkits, ransomware and browser hijackers are all forms of Malware.


Who is Malware targeted at?


Malware is targeted at the following groups:


1. Individuals - Adversaries target individuals through malware to gather personal confidential data such as names, address, phone numbers in particular credit/debit card details and sensitive information principally passwords. All of this information is used for several reasons including identity fraud.


2. Corporations, organisations and companies ranging from high to low level businesses. - This group is targeted for their monetary value. By unleashing malware in many cases ransomware on business hackers are able to attain exponential amounts of money through encrypting files or locking several machines.


3. Governments - The target is access to secret and classified documents mainly for espionage purposes.


How to recognise if malware has been installed on a PC?


The signs of a computer or a device affected by malware are recognisable through the speed. An affected system is tremendously slow at executing programs and may experience moments where the device is completely jammed preventing the user from performing any task. This problem may last for a few seconds, minutes or longer depending on the power of the malware.


How can I remove malware?


The best option for removing malware is to run a full anti-virus scan using a credible virus removal program upon successful detection of malware use a trusted malware removal tool to clean the system.