Digital transformation in modern enterprises has shifted storage of data to various cloud service providers. Although, security is integral for cloud applications, the primary responsibility for the security remains with the organisation adopting the technology.
The rapid pace at which cloud services are adopted by a business usually isolate the security teams out of the planning phase. Lack of preparation and little to no contribution from the security teams increases the risk of a cyber compromise.
Cloud service providers offer different platforms for migration of applications, enterprises can choose from public, private, hybrid or multi cloud options. An enterprise may select one or more choices of cloud services. Selection of choice is entirely dependent on the business requirements of the organisation.
Complexity of Cloud Technologies
For IT security teams, cyber security challenges arise with the complexity posed by the usage of varied environments and implementations. Another option available to enterprises is linked to cloud native technologies such as serverless architecture and containers that are designed to improve efficiency.
Cloud configuration is a specialised process that requires training and knowledge. A poorly configured cloud workload poses cyber threats that at a worst case could lead to a data breach. Secondly, IT security teams should have an early intervention in the testing process of any cloud setup. A misconception remains whereby organisations fail to test cloud implementations using the vigorous methods usually applied to an on-premise deployment.
Early involvement of cyber security teams in the testing process for cloud implementation enables security professionals to gather a detailed oversight of the cloud infrastructure. Any cyber security strategy should factor the involvement of the security team in testing the effectiveness of the cloud implementation from a cyber security viewpoint.4