Best cyber security practices

Making use of the best cyber security practices ensures protection of personal data. Several cyber security mechanisms can be utilised collectively for enhanced safeguarding of any computer system.

TechDecoded has compiled a list of all the best cyber security practices to follow for a comprehensive computer and network security which minimises the risks of cyber attacks, cybercrime and data breaches.

1) Patching

Ensure all devices are updated without delay when a new update is available. New software updates are issued to handle new vulnerabilities and exploits that have emerged since the product release. Therefore, manufacturers issue patch updates when a vulnerability or exploit is present. Delaying the patching process could result in the computer system being compromised.

2) Prepare for protection from malware

Malware has various forms ranging from viruses, Trojans to Ransomware. These can be downloaded onto a computer system by clicking on an attachment link or visiting a malicious URL. For that reason, protecting from all types of malware is crucial.

The best defence against malware is the installation of a good anti-virus cyber security software. Ensure every computer system and device connecting to a network has a form of anti-virus software installed for swift detection of malware.

3) Limit access to personal data

Allowing too many web applications and different software programs access to personal data can lead to private information being compromised particularly when the authenticity of the vendor is unverified.

In addition, businesses should ensure that employees have the right level of access required for them to perform their job role.  Any extra access should be revoked to minimise loss of business data and prevent cyber security breaches.

Both individual users and businesses should limit administrative user privileges, thus most users should have standard accounts except for administrators.

Moreover, block the download of all unknown third-party software applications from computer systems. Only allow trusted software to be downloaded on the network.

4) Use a firewall

Protect your network and Internet connection with a good firewall. A firewall is designed to create a barrier between the network and other networks connecting to the Internet. A firewall entails the capability to monitor and analyse incoming network traffic, allowing the removal and blocking of any traffic generated from unknown sources.

5) Secure all devices

Change all default passwords set by manufacturers. Replace them with complex strong passwords which are difficult to guess, using a range of letters, numbers and symbols. Use different passwords for all devices and online accounts. Remember once an account or device password is compromised a cybercriminal will attempt to use that password for other accounts and devices associated with you.